Fluxtrol | Effect of Spray Quenching Rate on Distortion and Residual Stresses during Induction Hardening of a Full-Float Truck Axle
Effect of Spray Quenching Rate on Distortion and Residual Stresses during Induction Hardening of a Full-Float Truck Axle
Authors:Zhichao (Charlie) Li and B. Lynn Ferguson, Valentin Nemkov, Robert Goldstein and John Jackowski, Greg Fett
Abstract:Computer simulation is used to predict the residual stresses and distortion of a full-float truck axle that has been induction scan hardened. Flux2D® is used to model the electromagnetic behavior and the power distributions inside the axle in terms of time. The power distributions are imported and mapped into DANTE® model for thermal, phase transformation and stress analysis. The truck axle has three main geometrical regions: the flange/fillet, the shaft, and the spline. Both induction heating and spray quenching processes have significant effect on the quenching results: distortion and residual stress distributions. In this study, the effects of spray quenching severity on residual stresses and distortion are investigated using modeling. The spray quenching rate can be adjusted by spray nozzle design, ratio of polymer solution and quenchant flow rate. Different quenching rates are modeled by assigning different heat transfer coefficients as thermal boundary conditions during spray quenching. In this paper, three heat transfer coefficients, 5K, 12K, and 25K W/(m2·C) are applied with keeping all other conditions same. With the understanding of effects of heating and quenching on residual stresses and distortion of induction hardened parts, the induction hardening process can be optimized for improved part performance.